ULRP Road Map
As a roadmap, ULRP proposed six approaches in terms of controlling, protecting, surveying, implementing software and hardware projects and supplying water from other sources to ULRNC and Cabinet. The roadmap was approved and announced to entire relevant executive institutions in format of 6 packages as per follow:
I- Control and reduction of water consumption in agricultural sector
- Reduction of 40% allocated ground and surface water to the farmers through direct purchasing system by Ministry of Energy in five-year period.
- Planning for enhancing productivity of 60% left amount water used in agriculture sector by Ministry of Jihad-e-Agriculture.
- Allocating funds and supplying required technologies by government to increase efficiency of remained water usage.
II. Control and reduction withdrawal of surface and groundwater resources in Urima Lake Basin (ULB)
- Prevention of increasing water consumption and new projects development, especially in agricultural sector (no new water allocations).
- Prevention of unauthorized surface water withdrawal.
- No new dam construction projects (except Cheraghveis and Shahid Madani dams), no new irrigation and water supply network in ULB and storage of water in Madani Dam’s reservoir exclusively for the purpose of releasing it to Urmia Lake.
- Improvement the current conditions of wells in ULB throughout installation of smart water volume counter to record and monitor withdrawal amount (in order to increase the river flow recharge to the lake).
- Perform the necessary coordination with the judiciary in order to facilitate and accelerate the implementation of the law for illegal wells, particularly wells affecting surface water condition
III. Initiatives on Protection and mitigation of negative impacts
- Identification of dust source and stabilizing them.
- Study and implementation of ecological protection program in Urmia National Park following environmental concerns.
- Identifying effective factors on feeding major rivers leading to the lake through watershed management in order to increase recharge rate from rivers to the lake.
- Establishment of Urmia Lake Research Center by Department of Environmental.
- Finding out the vulnerability of health, hygienic, social and environmental problems caused by Urmia Lake dry up, preparation and implementation of prevention programs reducing and preventing the likelihood risk effects.
- Preparation of productive programs increasing alternative employment and livelihood by relevant organization.
- Identification of halophyte species adopting well with ULB circumstances and preparation of program in order to planting selected species in the salt marshes area around the Urmia Lake.
IV. Studies and software measures
- Development and implementation of comprehensive training program, capacity building, awareness, and getting public and local community participation in order to illustrating the consequences of current critical situation and the necessity of reviving Urmia Lake.
- Conducting cadastral survey for ULB Lands.
- Design and implementation of a comprehensive decision support system in ULB.
- Study and evaluation of Shahid Kalantary causeway effects on Urmia Lake ecosystem and providing constructive solutions.
- The feasibility study on Urmia Lake salt industrial utilization considering environment aspects.
- Feasibility study on new technologies application for the sake of Urmia Lake rescue.
V. Facilitate and increase of the water volume entering to the Lake throughout the structural measures
- Water transfer from rivers to the lake.
- Water transfer from Hasanloo Dam to islands and wetlands located in borders of Urmia Lake and opening the path of waterways feeding southern wetlands.
VI. Water Supply from new water resources
- Appropriation of required funds and accelerate transferring water from Zab river to ULB.
- Priority in implementing of Silveh water transfer project.
- Transfer of ULB treated wastewater into Urmia the lake.
- Study of water transfer project from Caspian Sea to the Urmia Lake.
In addition, according to approval of ULRNC, the executive agencies are responsible to implement the approved projects and ULRP committee is only responsible to monitor the implementation process of those projects.